Frances Baard District Municipality is the smallest district in the Northern Cape. Its area accounts for 3,4% of the total area of the province. However, the District Municipality accommodates the largest proportion of the population of the province, giving it the largest population density (30,85 persons per square km) in the province.
The area of jurisdiction falling under the Frances Baard District Municipality includes the four local municipalities of Dikgatlong, Magareng, Phokwane and Sol Plaatje. The city of Kimberley, which is the seat of the District Municipality and of the Northern Cape legislature, is located in Sol Plaatje Municipality, the largest of the four.
The Vaal, Harts and Orange rivers run through the District.
Learn more about each region:
Although predominantly a mining and agricultural region, Frances Baard District Municipality also offers rich experiences in terms of culture and history. The climate is favourable for outdoor living with a great number of sunny days throughout the year. Two of the largest rivers, the Orange and Vaal, flow through the district.
Kimberley is the capital city of the Northern Cape. It is situated in the centre of South Africa on the N12 national road between Johannesburg and Cape Town. Kimberley offers visitors a plethora of fascinating tourist attractions such as:
- The William Humphrey Art Gallery
- The Duggan Cronin Gallery, which holds a collection of early photographs of indigenous Africans.
- Various old buildings and monuments dating back to 1899
Other attractions include:
- Flamingo Casino
- Game farms
- Kamfers Dam (flamingo-breeding island)
- Ghost tours
- ‘Big Hole’ Tram Route
District-wide priority issues for 2013/2014
- Housing and Land
- Roads and Storm water
- Early Childhood Development
- Refuse and waste management
- Sanitation facilities
- Electricity and lights
- Recreational faculties
Frances Baard has a population of 382 087 people making up 95 931 households, 31, 8% of Northern Cape Households.
The Sol Plaatje is the most populated LM with a population of 248 042 followed by Phokwane with 63 000, Dikgatlong with 46 842 and the LM with the least people is Magareng with a population size of 24 203 people.
|Numberof Households||301 407||95 931||60 297||11 967||6 121||17 546||14 450160|
|Population size||1 145 874||382 087||248 042||46 842||24 203||63 000||51 770565|
Source: Census 2011
The population of the District is fairly young with 33.3% of the populace 16 years and under, 25, 73% between the ages of 17 and 30 years. When we go deeper we see that 59% of the population is 30 years and younger. Only 7, 81% of the District population is over the age of 60 years (Census 2011).
The dominant languages in the District are Setswana, Afrikaans, English and IsiXhosa and black Africans account for over 250 000 of population. There were 95 927 households in the FBDM and 382 088 individuals or 3.98 people per household during the 2011 census.
The household size was the largest in Sol Plaatje with 4.11 persons per household followed by Magareng 3.95, Dikgatlong 3.91 and Phokwane 3.59.
The district economy is primary sector driven though the services sector is the biggest contributor to the district GDP. Agriculture and Mining remain the anchor sectors in the District. The structure of the District economy is as follows:
|Employed||282 793||87 170||63 049||7 841||3 669||12 611||13 180 076|
|Unemployed||106 726||44 837||29 514||5 164||2 570||7 589||5 594 061|
|Discouragedwork-seeker||39 915||13 387||7 474||2 041||1 304||2 568||1 835 091|
|Not economicallyactive||306 290||102 529||64 250||14 510||7 515||16 254||13 295 254|
|Not applicable||410 144||134 165||83 754||17 286||9 146||23 979||17 866 086|
|Total||1 145 868||382 088||248 041||46 842||24 204||63 001||51 770 568|
Source: STATISTICS SA, 2011
Unemployment in the Frances Baard DM is relatively high with approximately 34% of the municipality unemployed in 2011, with the youth (15-35 years of age) unemployment rate being higher at approximately 50%. This rate however had decreased since 2001, showing positive growth had occurred in the district.
FBDM Labour absorption
Source: STATISTICS SA, 2011
The biggest employers in the district as agriculture, community services and trade.
The education statistics of individuals aged 20 and older has also improved in Frances Baard over the last 10 years, the rate of no schooling has decreased and the number of people completing Grade 12 moving to higher education qualifications has increased (Figure 3). As the skills level has increased so has the number of jobs.